Category Archives: Cotton

Tennessee Weekly Crop & Weather Report

Author: Chuck Danehower, Extension Area Specialist - Farm Management No Comments

SOME CROPS STARTING TO SHOW STRESS; HAY HARVESTED

Even though there were some scattered thundershowers across the State, mostly hot, dry weather across most of the State last week caused some crops to start showing signs of stress. Some showers are needed to help replenish soil moisture. The drier weather did, however, allow for active hay harvest. There were 5.6 days suitable for field work. Topsoil was 2 percent very short, 12 percent short, and 77 percent adequate, and 9 percent surplus. Subsoil moisture was 2 percent very short, 13 percent short, 79 percent adequate, and 6 percent surplus. Continue reading at TN_07_16_18. The U.S. Crop Progress report can be read at CropProg-07-16-2018.

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Tennessee Market Highlights

Author: Chuck Danehower, Extension Area Specialist - Farm Management No Comments

Corn, soybeans, and wheat were down; cotton was up for the week. Another substantial drop in corn, soybean, and wheat futures prices this week as a result of positive weather forecasts and an intensifying tit-for-tat trade war with China. Cash soybean offerings in west Tennessee have dipped below $8. Prices are currently searching for a bottom as we are treading in untested waters from a technical standpoint.

In price risk management you often have to take the good with the bad when it comes to price fluctuations. To highlight this phenomenon one only has to look to the soybean and cotton futures markets from March 2018 to today. On March 1, November 2018 soybean futures closed at $10.38. This Friday (July 13) the November soybean contract closed at $8.34, a decrease of $2.04 (20% decrease). Conversely, on March 1, December 2018 cotton futures closed at 77.18 cents. This Friday (July 13) the December contract  closed at 87.84 cents, an increase of 10.66 cents (14% increase). Continue reading at Tennessee Market Highlights.

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Supply and Demand Estimates and Profitability Outlook

Author: Chuck Danehower, Extension Area Specialist - Farm Management No Comments
Comments and summary of the  July 12th USDA’s monthly World Agricultural Supply and Demand Estimates (WASDE) report and a Profitability Update have been posted at Monthly Crop Comments. Domestic balance sheets for corn, soybeans, cotton, and wheat are displayed along with price reaction in futures markets for each commodity on the day of the report release. Additionally, supply and demand estimates for key importing and exporting countries are provided for the current month along with change in estimates from the previous report. The Profitability Outlook section contains estimated returns per acre for each commodity based  on 2017 Tennessee state average/trend yields and current price offerings (note: cotton prices include a seed and hauling rebate). Variable expenses are based on the University of Tennessee Extension 2018 Row Crop Budgets. Prices are updated monthly; expenses are updated as warranted during the year and may be different than the expenses contained in the 2018 Row Crop Budgets. This section provides an estimation of the current relative profitability amongst major row crops in Tennessee.
The report is prepared monthly by Dr. Aaron Smith and Chuck Danehower.
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Tennessee Winter Wheat Production Down from 2017

Author: Chuck Danehower, Extension Area Specialist - Farm Management No Comments

RELEASED: July 12, 2018

Tennessee Winter Wheat Production Down from 2017

NASHVILLE, Tenn. – The U.S. Department of Agriculture’s National Agricultural Statistics  Service  (NASS) released its July Crop Production report today, based on the Agricultural Yield survey  conducted at the beginning of month. The report includes information on Tennessee’s winter wheat  forecast.

Tennessee farmers expect to produce 18.6 million bushels of winter wheat from 295,000 acres for  harvest this season. At this level, production would be down three percent from 2017 and down 17  percent from the June forecast. Based upon crop conditions as of July 1, growers expect a yield of  63 bushels per acre, down seven bushels from 2017 and down 12 bushels from last month’s forecast. Continue reading

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Regulating growth under ideal growing conditions

Author: Tyson Raper, Cotton & Small Grains Specialist No Comments

At the moment, cotton appears to be growing almost as fast as palmer amaranth; rains and abnormally warm temperatures have promoted rapid growth and the second (or third) application of Plant Growth Regulators (PGRs) are currently being applied.  With our current growing conditions, forecast, and planted cultivars, I’m applying and recommending aggressive rates; now that the root zone has expanded and N uptake has begun to increase exponentially, expect rapid plant growth to continue in areas which have adequate moisture.  This blog highlights points to be considered when attempting to regulate growth in 2018. Continue reading

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Cotton – Crunch Time for Plant Bugs and Stink Bugs

Author: Scott Stewart, IPM Extension Specialist No Comments

Now through the end of July is the critical time to manage infestations of plant bugs and stink bugs. Of course it varies considerably, but we are seeing more consistent infestations of plant bugs. Stink bugs have made a come back after very low populations last year. Clouded plant bugs are also a bigger part of the mix this year in some areas. I prefer the drop cloth during this time frame, using a threshold of 3 tarnished plant bugs on a drop cloth as the treatment threshold. As a rule of thumb, Continue reading

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Tennessee Weekly Crop & Weather Report

Author: Chuck Danehower, Extension Area Specialist - Farm Management No Comments

WEEK BRINGS HAY HARVEST CHALLENGES;
CROPS IN GOOD CONDITION

Wet conditions in several areas of the state prevented growers from harvesting hay that had already been cut or cutting hay that was past due being cut. Soybean planting is nearly complete, corn is tasseling in some areas, cotton is setting bolls, and herbicides and fungicides were being applied. Overall, Tennessee’s field crops look good. There were 4.8 days suitable for field work. Topsoil was 11 percent short, 78 percent adequate, and 11
percent surplus. Subsoil moisture was 12 percent short, 81 percent adequate, and 7 percent surplus. Continue reading at TN_07_09_18.  The U.S. Crop Progress report can be read at CropProg-07-09-2018.

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